Site focus
   Navigating the site
   Why ferns are hard to identify
   Illustrated Glossary
   Flora of Australia
   Lower Vascular Plant Glossary
Hardy Fern Glossary
   Structure and Shape
   Blade Division
   Hairs and Scales
   Sori and Indusia
Major Fern Links

    Adiantum  Arachniodes
    Aspidotis  Asplenium
    Astrolepis  Athyrium
    Blechnum  Cheilanthes
    Cryptogramma  Cyrtomium
    Cystopteris  Dennstaedtia
    Deparia  Diplazium
    Dryopteris  Gymnocarpium
    Lygodium  Matteuccia
    Onoclea  Oreopteris
    Osmunda  Pellaea
    Phegopteris  Pleopeltis
    Polypodium  Polystichum
    Pteridium  Pteris
    Pyrrosia  Thelypteris
    Woodsia  Woodwardia

Copyright on the Site


Illustrations, drawings, and photographs belong to their creators. The copyright holder is usually explicitly stated. If you wish to contact the holder, visit their web site, or check the Bibliography page here. As a last resort, write to Hardy Fern Library, mailbox at the bottom.


Some of the software is copyrighted. In particular the javascript for the navigation bar at the top is the creation of Mike Hall. The server for these web pages runs Cold Fusion, a product of Macromedia, a conglomerate which has lost sight of its mission. Cold Fusion interfaces a database to the web. Questions on software can also be directed to the mailbox.


Most of the content here is, or at least is intended to be, scientific fact, not traditionally covered by copyright. However, in a time where every politician can be bought, every judge swayed, and the human genome the property of the rich, this view tends towards the naive or the archaic.

So, join the archaic crowd; take whatever you want here.

Copyright in General

Protection of artists and creators is a relic of the past, the law now protecting corporations, ignoring the original intent and the public interest. In the United States a corrupted Congress – calling its latest crass denial of rights the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act – has extended copyright eleven times in the last 40 years; in the European Union, the situation is similar.

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