Pteris cretica Linnaeus

Cretan brake

Etymology Cretica refers to the island of Crete.
Description Rhizome: short-creeping, scales minute, dark brown to chestnut brown.
Frond: 60 cm high by 25 cm wide, deciduous in colder areas, dimorphic, blade/stipe ratio: 1:1 or less.
Stipe: dark brown to straw-colored at the base, sparsely scaly at base, glabrous above, vascular bundles: 1.
Blade: 1-pinnate, irregularly ovate, papery, pale green, glabrous.
Pinnae: 2 to 5 pair, linear, lowest pair forked, lower pinnae short-stalked, upper sessile, fertile pinnae contracted; margins fertile entire, sterile serrate; veins conspicuous, free, simple or once-forked.
Sori: continuous, submarginal, indusium: false, reflexed margin of pinnae stiff, pale brown, sporangia: yellowish brown.
Culture Habitat: limestone ledges and rocky meadows. Distribution: pan tropical and subtropical, native range unknown. Hardy to -15C, USDA Zone 7.
Pycnodoria cretica (Linnaeus) Small
Pteris cretica
Pteris cretica  from Ferns of North America, by Daniel Cady Eaton, 1871-1880.
Pteris cretica
Pteris cretica.  Illustration by Edgar Paulton, from How to Know the Ferns and Fern Allies, John T. Mickel, 1979 Wm. C. Brown Co.

Pteris cretica. Habit. Maui, Hawaii.  Photo by Forest & Kim Starr (USGS)
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